The Orpington is one of the only breeds of poultry that has a recorded history of development. It was named after the town of Orpington in Kent where William Cook lived. William Cook, however, was born in St Neots, Cambridgeshire and moved to Kent in his late teens.
The first Orpington colour to be bred was the black Orpington by William Cook. It was introduced in 1886. The white Orpington was next in 1889. Soon after the Buff and Jubilee Orpingtons were introduced. William Cook died in 1904 and his daughter took over breeding Orpingtons. Between 1900 and 1910 the Spangled , cuckoo and Blue colours appeared.